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Welcome to ShopBulgaria Crafts

BULGARIAN GADULKA / Rebec Professional hand made instrument

  • Product Code: Music Gadulka
  • Availability: 2-3 Days

0.00€ Ex Tax: 0.00€

This is a professional instrument gadulka, hand made by the best Bulgarian string instruments master. It is of perfect make, intended for professional musicians. The instrument is UNIQUE, entirely handcrafted. It is of skilful craftsmanship, that is a combination of master's hard work, art creativity and long years experience. The wood material used is 15 years old, dried and worked after special traditional technology. The craft of creating string instruments master inherited from his father and grand father. Today he is renowned all over the country for his talent. The instrument's quality is guaranteed, supported also by  by certificate that Shop Bulgaria ltd. and master have issued.

The gadulka we offer has 3 main strings and 11 sympathetic ones.  Here are few details: 
  - The corpus is  a whole piece base part with neck, made of  mulberry tree.  It represents a hollowed out block of wood handmade via old traditional master technology!  It is not made of separate parts that have been glued together (skafto).
 - The resonant top plate is made of spruce/ white pine tree.
 - There is a black, horn-made plate holding the strings .
 - Gadulka violin has 3 main metal strings where the bow glides on. They are pitched A-E-A (la-mi-la) - this is the typical  Bulgarian Trakia Gadulka tuning. The strings are lifted over the resonant plate by the small wooden bridge, called "donkey". 
 - Below are 11 resonant metal strings ("podglasnici"), not to be touched by the bow. They only produce sound when affected by the sound vibration of the three main strings placed over them.
 - Gadulka bow with sheaf of fibers.
 - You will also receive an wooden key for easily pitching the different strings
+ Quality Certificate of the instrument.
Length 65 cm / 25,6"
Width 20 cm / 7,9"
Mensure (the distance from the last three keys on the neck top to the bridge) - 36 cm / 14,2 "


About the master:  The string instruments we offer are made by Nikolay Stefanov, who is son of the reknown Bai Christo Stefanov .  Christo Stefanov was one of the best and most popular masters of Bulgarian string instruments. Bai Christo ( bai- a form expressing respect put in front of a name), as they call him, was a 3rd generation musician and instrument master.
Nikolay Stefanov (the son) has learnt the skills of string instruments making from his father and has been a recognized master for 15 years now. Nikolay is known for his creative approach, desire to experiment and use innovative technologies. His greatest achievements are inventing the prototype of gadulka violin we were selling as well as a special technology of varnishing.  Both a musician and a master, Nikolay is constantly looking for new ways to add to his mastership. He has been constantly consulting university professors and professional musicians that assist him in finding how to make the best of the instruments he crafts.
Nikolay combines tradition and innovation. The result of his efforts will definitely please every professional musician. 

More about the instrument: GADULKA / Rebec General info: The gadulka / rebeck is one of the most popular string instruments in Bulgaria, typical for the valleys of Thrace and Dobrudja, Western Bulgaria -Pirin mountain area and the middle part of Stara Planina Mountain. It is well known for its clear and pleasant sound. Gadulka is used as a solo and accompaniment instrument as well as for playing in big or small homogenous or mixed instrumental groups.
Construction: The rebecs are made of a whole piece of wood most often maple, acacia or chestnut-tree, and have a pear-like form. The head and the neck, as well as the outlines, are cut and then the corpus is hollowed out by hand following a special technique. The upper part of the oval shape passes gradually into a short finger board and ends with a widening called glava (head). On the head, which is shaped like a circle, clover, heart, rectangle or some other form, are to be found the wooden keys for tightening and tuning the strings. Over the open side of the corpus is glued a resonating plate made of spruce. It is called kapak (lid) and has a two circular or oval openings called otchi (eyes). The bridge, called by Bulgarians "donkey" is situated between the openings and keeps the strings lifted. It has a very interesting little stick called "soul" that lifts the right end of the "bridge" so that it touches the resonant plate with its left end only. The right end of the "bridge" contacts the corpus via the "soul". The strings are attached to the top plate called kokaltche (small bone).
Tuning: There are gadulka with three, four, five or fourteen strings, made of animal gut or metal. Some of them are melodious, some are bourdonic. Usually the rebecks are three- or four-stringed. Actually only the upper strings are bowed (pitches A, E, D), while the other strings ("podglasnici") only resonate the sound. The resonant strings can be pitched in the tones of the main strings, too. There are also other ways of pitching the main strings. One of them, which is often used, is A, E, A. This pitch gives more opportunities for instrumental solo performances

The 3-stringed Gadulka is pitched in the following ways:
Thracian tuning:
1st string – A1
2nd string –E1
3rd string – A
Dobrudjan tuning:
1st string – A1
2nd string – A
3rd string – E1
Lingourian tuning:
1st string – A1
2nd string – E1
3rd string – D1
Playing: The tone of the rebeck is obtained by gliding a bow over the strings. The bow is usually made of flexible forked willow twig. There can be used horse hair waxed with rosin. The first string is not to be pressed with the finger, but it is slightly to be touched with the nail, resulting in a very strange tone, having a flageolet tone nuance. The other strings are also slightly touched, but with fingers and not with nails.
PLAY a GADOULKA sample (29 sec.)

READ MORE about Christo and Nikolay Stefanovi

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Tags: bulgarian, gadulka, rebec, professional, handmade, instrument, folklore, europe, european